CD rate trends, week of August 1, 2022: Rates hiked

cd term Last week’s top national rate This week’s top national rates Change
6 months 3.01% APY 3.01% APY no change
1 year 2.70% APY 3.00% APY +0.30
2 years 3.00% APY 3.50% APY +0.50
3 years 3.25% APY 3.55% APY +0.30
5 years 3.64% APY 3.65% APY +0.01

For the second time in six weeks, the Federal Reserve this spring raised the federal funds rate by an unusually large three-quarters of a percentage point, on top of two previous increases. As a result, CD rates have risen dramatically higher since March, and they are likely to rise in the coming year.

CD rates have not only climbed since the end of 2021, they have increased manifold with this week’s top rates Just six months ago the payout of the best CDs sat at more than three times that. For example, take a 3-year CD. The highest rate on 3-year CDs available nationally was 1.11% at the end of December. Today, the highest paying 36-month certificate has a rate of 3.55%.


Note that the “top rates” quoted here are the highest nationally available rates Investopedia has identified in its daily rate research on hundreds of banks and credit unions. This differs greatly from the national average, which includes all banks offering CDs with that duration, including many large banks that pay less in interest. Thus, the national average is always quite low, while the top rates you can find by shopping are often 10 to 12 times higher.

Federal Reserve and CD Rates

Every six to eight weeks, the Federal Reserve’s rate setting committee meets for two days. One of the primary results of eight gatherings over the year is the Fed’s announcement on whether they are moving forward. federal funds rate up, down, or unchanged.

The federal funds rate does not directly determine what banks will pay customers for CD deposits. Instead, the federal funds rate is simply the rate that banks pay each other when they borrow or lend their excess reserves to each other overnight. However, when the federal funds rate is slightly above zero, it provides an incentive for banks to view consumers as a potentially cheap source of deposits, which they then attempt to attract by increasing savings, money markets and We do. CD Rates,

At the start of the pandemic, the Fed announced emergency rate cut Up to 0% as a way to help protect the economy from financial disaster. And for two full years, the federal funds rate remained at 0%.

But in March 2022, the Fed began raising the rate by 0.25% and indicated that it would be the first of many. By the May 2022 meeting, the Fed was already announcing a second increase of 0.50%, this time around. But both of these hikes were prelude to a bigger increase of 0.75 percentage points announced by the Fed in mid-June and then another 0.75 percentage point hike on July 27.

Before the Fed makes any rate changes, it usually has a fair understanding of what they will unveil before actually announcing it. As a result, many banks and credit unions begin increasing the advance rate, while others choose to wait until the rate hike is confirmed.

The Fed’s next meeting will be announced on September 21.


What is the projected trend for CD rates?

The Fed’s rate hikes in March and May were just the beginning. raising rates is one way fight inflationAnd with US inflation running exceptionally hot right now, the Fed is publicly planning to implement a series of rate hikes through 2022 and potentially into 2023.

Specifically, it is expected that the Fed will begin two more key rate hikes, and then perhaps three smaller hikes before the year ends. This could take the federal funds rate from its current level of 0.75% to 2.5% or even higher.

While the Fed rate does not affect long-term debt such as mortgage rates, it directly affects the direction of short-term consumer loan and deposit rates. So many 2022 hikes are yet to come, one would be CD rates expected to rise Quite high as this year progresses.

That doesn’t mean you should avoid locking in CDs anymore. But it does mean that you should consider shorter-term certificates so that you can capitalize on the higher rates that will become available in the not-too-distant future. Another option is to consider a special CD type, sometimes called an “increase your rate CD” or “step-up CD,” which allows you to activate a rate increase on your existing CD if: Rates become very high.

Rate Collection Method Disclosure

Every business day, Investopedia tracks rate data from more than 200 banks and credit unions that provide CDs to customers nationwide and determines the daily ranking of top-paying certificates in each major period. To qualify for our lists, the institution must have federally insured (FDIC for banks, NCUA for credit unions), and the minimum initial deposit amount of CDs must not exceed $25,000.

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