This text that should allow France to catch up with its delay in renewable energies arrives this Monday at the Council of Ministers.
Wind, solar, offshore wind… The government wants to do everything possible in the face of the energy crisis. This Monday, a few days later the inauguration of the first offshore wind farmin front of Saint-Nazaire, the executive presents its bill to the Council of Ministerson accelerating renewable energy production(ENR).
The text aims to shorten certain administrative procedures, in order to develop these NRAs more quickly. The bill will be placedconsultations prior to all projects“, to avoid facing numerous resources once the works have started, explained this weekend the minister responsible for the Energy Transition, Agnès Pannier-Runacher, in an interview with the Telegram. It must be said that the objectives set by the President of the Republic are ambitious: multiply solar energy by ten, reach 50 wind farms in the sea compared to just one today, and double the “power generation from onshore wind turbines“. All this while hearing oppositions to projects through consultations.
as revealed The Figaroin Augustthe bill includes repeal measures during “forty eight months», that is, four years, from the promulgation of the text. Among the provisions, the projectsof renewable energy production facilitiesare defined as responding “to a great public interest», enough to speed up projects considerably. Extended parking lots must also include shade houses equipped with solar panels, and residents who live near ENR facilities can take advantage of a “territorial distribution of value», allowing them to reduce their electricity bill.
A strategic text for the executive
The text is seen as particularly strategic as France faces several years of limited power supply. In mid-Septemberthe network administrator, RTE, pointed out that the current tensions are explained in particular by “the closure of many coal and fuel oil production facilities combined with the delay in the commissioning of renewable energy and the Flamanville EPR and the sharp reduction in the production of the existing nuclear fleet“. The difficulties are expected to last until 2024, according to RTE.
The way forward to catch up with France in terms of renewable energies, in parallel with the development of nuclear energy, stay a long time : In 2009, the Member States of the European Union set ambitious binding targets for the development of renewable energies (EnR). Objective: to have20% of the energy produced from renewable sources in the total energy consumption of the Community by 2020If 20% was the global target of the European Union, each Member State had its own target, which could be more or less ambitious depending on its starting point, its GDP and its policy. Belgium would reach 13%, Denmark the 30%, Latvia 40% and Sweden 49%. France, for its part, committed to reaching 23%. More than ten years later, France is a fool, being the only country that has not reached its target, according to data from the European Commission.
However, the executive will have to deal with opposition to renewable energy extension projects, whether local or national. Environmental groups are concerned, they too, from the acceleration of projects and the proliferation of sites, to the detriment of local fauna, resources and studies, which require time. At the same time, it will also have to carry out the gigantic nuclear project that should make it possible to replace the current and aging power plants and guarantee France’s electricity supply for several decades. A vast program.